United Nations Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, said four crisis-affected countries have been ranked among the largest food crisis in the world following the 2020 Global Report on Food Crises and recent food security analyses.
That is, food crisis and insecurity in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Yemen, Northeast Nigeria and South Sudan will likely jeopardise the lives of millions of people inhabiting these countries, given that, financial aid is quite truncated.
Considering the years long armed conflict in these countries, the UN boss said, there is need for actions to be taken now than ever before. “Action is needed now. Having endured years of armed conflict and related violence, the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Yemen, Northeast Nigeria and South Sudan are again facing the spectre of heightened food insecurity and potentially famine.”
Thus, he went further to caution Somalia, Burkina Faso and Afghanistan as main gages portray similar deteriorating conditions given that they are equally affected with conflict. He maintained that, the phenomenon is distinctive from one country to another. To him, the killing and wounding of civilians, the forceful migration of people go a long way to destroying livelihoods, hinders access to food.
Antonio Guterres deprecated the fact that most humanitarian operators are being attacked, delayed and even obstructed to carry out their life-saving assistance. Also, food insecurity and probably starvation in crisis-hit nations is currently worsened by natural disasters, economic tremors and public health crises, which according to him has been caused by the pandemic.
Going by a note from UN’s Antonio Guterres, the outburst of violence in unstable Eastern Congo is heading to devastating levels of food insecurity and hunger. Simultaneously, the 2020 Global Report on Food Crises and recent food security analyses shows that, “over 21 million people are in crisis or worse levels of acute food insecurity.”
Contrary to Yemen wherein the international community battle-ready in a bid to void the country of famine some two years back, UN boss holds that, the risk is slowly returning. Thus, the swelling skirmishes and economic regression brought Yemen to the edge of famine two years back.
Currently, fading vital pointers are growing to the detriment of the country. Thus, Antonio Guterres pointed that, another survey highlighted that 3.2 million people in government-controlled areas are now highly food insecure and food prices are 140% higher than averages before the conflict began in 2015.
He however called for the complete annulment or reduction of principal programmes of the structure as merely 22% of the UN humanitarian appeals and requirement are currently funded.
“Alarming levels of food insecurity and hunger have arisen largely as a result of the actions,” he stated with regard to the situation in Northeast Nigeria’s Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. Estimating the number of people to be affected, UN Chief enumerated about 10 million people (80% of the population) in the three states.
To him, these vulnerable people need urgent humanitarian assistance and protection, estimated with a rise of 50% since last year. It is the highest ever recorded since the instigation of humanitarian maneuvers. Hitherto, at its lowest level, the UN Secretary General said UN appeal stands at 33 percent funded.
Talking on the situation in South Sudan, he mentioned that, in Jonglei and Greater Pibor administrative area, the condition swiftly degraded in the first half of 2020 given that it was powered by the ever-increasing violence and diffidence.
The boundless violence is led by bouts on agricultural and pastoral lands as well as the looting of livestock and food. This comes in to leave more than 1.4 million people to witness worsening levels of acute food insecurity as Antonio Guterres highlighted.
In supplementary, some 350,000 children suffer from severe or moderate acute malnutrition. On this note, he averred that the newest viewpoint from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network “is flagging worsening catastrophe conditions in areas affected by the violence.”