Climate Adaptation In Cameroon: Youths Bent On Maintaining Sustainable Energy Transition
Cameroonian youths have shown their commitment on ensuring a smooth and suitable energy transition and combating climate change in Cameroon simultaneously.
They assured their commitment during a two-day workshop held under the theme “Climate and Energy in Cameroon: Contribution of young people to sustainable development.” The seminar to commemorate the Youth Week for Energy and Climate held from March 29-30 at the Yaounde National Polytechnic School.
The Youth Week for Energy and Climate, an initiative of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, the non-gains organisation Young Volunteers for the Environment, JVE, and the Yaounde National Polytechnic School which is to become an annual event had as objectives to put research and endogenous knowledge at the service of public policies, enhance the value of research work so that it contributes to a better formulation and implementation of climate and energy policies in Cameroon.
Also, it aims at providing space for exchange between academic and political institutions, in order to identify and guarantee the best conditions for the operational implementation of proposed solutions and those already in practice.
It is also geared towards creating a framework for the sharing of experiences of young people who have proven the effectiveness of their research results through their actions. To stimulate greater commitment of young people to research and innovation in the field of renewable energy to fight against climate change.
Getting enriched with resources from key sources such as Dr. Parfait Oumba of the Catholic University of Central Africa, Timothée KAGONBE who is national focal point climate change, Augustin Bitchik Bi Bitchik, expert on climate policy among other speakers, the young researchers and students were able to exhibit their know-how and promote their activities, as well as the results of their work and initiatives undertaken within the framework of the selected themes.
Sessions were animated on climate adaptation in Cameroon; the interest of a climate commitment of Cameroonian youth; youth and climate; sustainable energy in Cameroon; the contribution of youth in the energy transition in Cameroon.
According to Dr. Parfait Oumba of UCAC, anthropic activity is the main cause of climate change. The awareness of climate change has been motivated by several factors. Notably the Stockholm Conference of 1972, industrialisation, the Brundtland Report of 1987, the Rio Conference of 1992 and the Paris Conference of 2015. The demands of the international community on the climate issue are numerous.
They challenge all the countries of the planet. These requirements are, the sustainable management of human resources, adaptation to climate change, the objectives of sustainable development, the use of renewable energies, national communication on climate change and the national strategy to combat climate change.
In this wise, Cameroon’s contribution is geared to geared towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In terms of integration of concepts related to the fight against climate change in the curriculum, it should be noted that there are adjustments to be made by also strengthening teachers’ capacities. Thus, the creation of a module that can deal with climate issues is paramount.
Going by Timothée Kagonbe, the earth’s temperature will increase by 6°celsius by 2100. This increase will have as direct consequences, the acidification of the oceans, the loss of biodiversity, the food crisis, the scarcity of water resources, the rise of the sea level by four meters, the disappearance of coastal cities like Kribi and Limbe.
However, to avoid this disaster, the rise in global temperature must be maintained at 2°celsius. He therefore called the world as a whole to implement measures to facilitate mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
During the workshop, young researchers received training on the mobilisation of financial resources to develop their research, biogas manufacturing, small hydro, biomass capitalisation as well as other innovative techniques.
According to the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NCCAP), approximately 320,000 Cameroonians are affected by climate-related disasters each year. The consequences of climate change could undermine Cameroon’s efforts to reduce poverty, develop a strong, diversified and competitive economy, and thus undermine the “Vision 2035” goal of becoming an emerging country within 15 years.
Cameroon has a total installed capacity of 1292 MW, distributed as follows: 57% hydro, 21% gas-fired, 10% light fuel and 13% heavy fuel. The country aims to produce 25% of renewable energy by 2030, broken down as follows: 11% from small hydroelectricity, 7% from biomass, 6% from solar photovoltaic energy and 1% from wind energy.
Given the low use of renewable energies, whose under-exploitation deprives more than 10 million people in the country of electricity, increasing the capacity of sustainable energies could bring balance to the national energy mix, which is dominated by hydroelectricity at more than 90%.